Related How to Write a Sonnet How to Write a Haiku How to Write a Limerick How to Write a Villanelle How to Write a Poem Like the Raven by E. V. Wyler Created by French troubadours during the Middle Ages, the rondeau is valued for its lovely lyrical qualities. The tone of a rondeau may be joyful, mournful, or anything in between. An example of a famous rondeau is “In Flanders Fields” by the Canadian soldier and physician John McCrae: In Flanders Fields In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the Dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie In Flanders fields. Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields. Composed at the battlefront on May 3, 1915 during the second battle of Ypres, Belgium. As you can hear from reading John McCrae’s poem aloud, the repetition of the phrase, “In Flanders fields” emphasizes its meaning, creating a poignant echo effect as the poem unfolds. This repetition, along with the use of only two rhyming patterns, creates the poem’s hypnotic enchantment. Although several different formats of the rondeau have evolved, this tutorial pertains to the longer version with 3 stanzas: a (5-line) quintet, a (4-line) quatrain, and a (6-line) sestet. Summary: 15 lines: divided into 3 stanzas (5 lines, 4 lines, 6 lines) 8 syllables per line (except for the two 4-syllable refrains) 2 rhyming schemes (8 “A” end-rhymes & 5 “B” end-rhymes) 8 “A” rhymes + 5 “B” rhymes + 2 refrains 15 lines The 1st 4 syllables of Line 1 are the refrain (for Lines 9 & 15) Here is the rondeau’s visual layout: Line 1: End-Rhyme “A” -- 4-syllable opening phrase + 4 syllables 8 syllables Line 2: End-Rhyme “A” -- 8 syllables Line 3: End-Rhyme “B” -- “ “ Line 4: End-Rhyme “B” -- “ “ Line 5: End-Rhyme “A” -- “ “ Line 6: End-Rhyme “A” -- 8 Syllables Line 7: End-Rhyme “A” -- “ “ Line 8: End-Rhyme “B” -- “ “ Line 9: Refrain (Line 1’s 4-syllable opening phrase) Line 10: End-Rhyme “A” -- 8 Syllables Line 11: End-Rhyme “A” -- “ “ Line 12: End-Rhyme “B” -- “ “ Line 13: End-Rhyme “B” -- “ “ Line 14: End-Rhyme “A” -- “ “ Line 15: Refrain (Line 1’s 4-syllable opening phrase) One factor in deciding to compose a rondeau (as opposed to a villanelle, sonnet, etc.) is the selection of a strong mood-inducing refrain that works as an opening, a mid-poem repetition, and a closing. In the early stages of a composition, it is best to begin with a simple image or idea. Think of yourself as putting together the pieces of a puzzle whose picture can only be seen in your mind and felt in your heart. I’d compare the puzzle’s straight-line perimeter pieces to the rondeau’s skeletal structure. As the poet creates the rhyme, meter, and plot, the poem’s stanzas continue forming, like the landscape of a scenic puzzle, until finally the last “piece” is placed, and the completed rondeau emerges from the cocoon of the poet’s heart. Finally, thank you to Shirley Anne Leonard for teaching me how to write a rondeau. Rondeaus Published by the Society of Classical Poets: I Love the Dance Games of Gridlock In Prison Cells: Rondeau for the Falun Gong Rondeau Beginning with a Line from the Gospel of Judas: E. V. “Beth” Wyler grew up in Elmont, NY. At 43, she obtained her associate’s degree from Bergen Community College. She and her husband, Richard, share their empty nest with 3 cats and a beta fish. Her oldest daughter is a biomedical engineer and her two other children are SUNY undergraduate students. E. V. Wyler’s poetry has been published in: The Storyteller, Feelings of the Heart, WestWard Quarterly, The Pink Chameleon, Nuthouse Magazine, The Rotary Dial, and on the website Poetry Soup. In addition, 3 accepted poems are pending publication in Vox Poetica.