"Legend of St. Hubert" from the German school‘The Plight of Animals’ and Other Poetry by Peter Hartley The Society November 25, 2019 Beauty, Culture, Poetry 94 Comments The Plight of Animals The plight of animals, how must it be Ordained thus, either by a just God or A merciful? By nature meek and poor, They have no hopes, no future can they see And all they own their living now as we. No retrospect, their past is nevermore, Their present short, a wretched end in store Though dear their lives to them as mine to me. Our ends will come, in torment or at peace, For we too hold mere tenure of a lease, Yet proudly we alone anticipate A future life if we can expiate The past. But why are helpless beasts outcast, And who will give the sinless peace at last? Pigs at the Fair A summer country fair, no matter where, And by the dodgems, swings and roundabout In livestock pens found hereabouts are stout Prize boars and bloated sows that cannot bear Their weight but lie prostrate. Too late to spare Them their impending fate, each comic snout And corkscrew tail, each oink and squeak no doubt Belies their desperation and despair. And children here poke fun at them and mock Their girth and make of them a laughing stock, Or voice disgust, revile their fat and flab, A preface to the shambles and the slab! Their massive waistlines no-one could deny: We fatten them to give us more to fry. We Don’t Know What They Are We don’t know what they are, nor why they’re here, We know not whence they came nor where they go, But some of them give comfort to the low, Some help the blind to see, the deaf to hear. They leave us poignant memories that cheer And some that ache, remembered deeds that show The lowly creature kindnesses we know Once Eden knew when Eden knew no fear. We don’t know what they are and never will, But sure it is they know themselves and learn And think and understand, when parting yearn For us and grieve sometimes; and sometimes still It feels we would be better, to my mind, Allied to them and far less to our kind. Peter Hartley is a retired painting restorer. He was born in Liverpool and lives in Manchester, UK. Views expressed by individual poets and writers on this website and by commenters do not represent the views of the entire Society. The comments section on regular posts is meant to be a place for civil and fruitful discussion. Pseudonyms are discouraged. The individual poet or writer featured in a post has the ability to remove any or all comments by emailing submissions@ classicalpoets.org with the details and under the subject title “Remove Comment.” Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window) 94 Responses Joe Tessitore November 25, 2019 This is beautiful poetry. Well done, Peter. Reply Leo Zoutewelle November 25, 2019 These poems beautifully express the hurt and misery our kind has caused their kind. Reading them hurts, but I am persuaded that their creator has his own plans for them. Thank God for that! Thank you, Peter. Leo Reply Peter Hartley November 25, 2019 Joe – Thank you for your kind remark about what I think is a subject that should be thought-provoking for all of us. Reply Peter Hartley November 25, 2019 James – First of all I should say that these three poems are not intended to be inter-related. They were written several months apart so that if you find inconsistencies or contradictions between one and another I can only say that what I have written is simply what I felt, or the train of thought I was pursuing at the time. We all know that dogs have occasionally bitten/killed their owners: we all know that events like this are exceedingly rare. They are notable, like plane crashes, BECAUSE they are rare; and it does little for cyno-anthropic relations to headline such incidents when for the most part the company of a dog eclipses all but that of one’s fellow man. Any dog that kills a human being (unless it has been specifically trained to do so) should be put down of course, and not as an act of retributive justice but in order to prevent a recurrence. Where there is no conscience there can be no responsibility, no guilt and no blame, but it is still recommended that we prevent a recurrence. I believe that certain cetaceans have more convoluted brains than we have, and I have heard of a pod of whales in concert trying to prevent a wounded whale from drowning by keeping its blow-hole above the water line. Descartes believed that animals did not feel pain, that the screams of animals in extremis were merely their reaction to a stimulus, that their insensate bodies operated like clockwork. I don’t think many people believed him even then. But I shall reserve judgment on relative sentience and the issue of morality. However, regarding my statement that the lives of animals are as dear “to them as mine to me” I intended no equivalence (if only because taking things to their logical conclusion the life of a human being has the same value as that of a flea). I merely meant that, as for most of us, life is the most precious thing an animal possesses, immeasurably valuable to the particular creature concerned; so much so, I imagine, that if it were given a choice, and the means to exercise it, the average garden slug would probably prefer to attend your funeral rather than its own. Thank you for your kind comments about my poems. Reply James A. Tweedie November 25, 2019 Peter, Well written and well constructed as always–and thought provoking. The second is my favorite insofar as it is laser-focused like a cruise missile heading straight towards its closing couplet. While I agree on the innocence/sinlessness of animals I am also aware that there have been at least two nationally reported incidents of pet dogs killing their owners this past week, and my neighbor was recently admitted to the ER with his hand torn open by another neighbor’s otherwise docile pet Labrador two weeks ago; none of which quite lives up to your idyllic Edenic scenario. I also find it hard to embrace the thought that the lives of animals are as dear “to them as mine to me.” This implied equivalency seems to require that animals be raised to the moral/sentient level of humans or humans be lowered to the level of animals–a philosophical matter that you seem to modify several verses later when you assert that “. . .we alone anticipate A future life . . .” Perhaps humans are in a different category after all! Good poems regardless . . . or perhaps because! Reply Peter Hartley November 27, 2019 James (Tweedie) – It has occurred to me I should apologise for the pathetic naivete of my comments re Descartes etc., forgetting you know more about Cartesian philosophy than he did. I think at the time I was writing it more to myself and for my own benefit. I do hope, though, that my explanation of “As dear to them as mine to me” you find acceptable. Reply James A. Tweedie November 27, 2019 Peter, Your explanation was clear, lucid and on point. Satis est. And as for Cartesian philosophy and Descartes, perhaps he should be the one offering an apology for failing to address the presence of mind and intelligence in dogs and for failing to offer a cogent explanation for it! Joseph S. Salemi November 25, 2019 There’s a bit too much wide-ranging animal worship going on in the Western world today. My Asian and African students can’t believe the absurd lengths to which some Westerners will go to protect animals and make them comfortable. This is growing into a major ideological problem. There are some fanatics in university philosophy departments who argue passionately that animals have the exact same rights and privileges of legal protection as human beings. They decry “species-ism” as just as evil as racism. In the United States, vegan partisans are seriously trying to limit the consumption of meat products by others. This is more than just a political movement — it is a sick cult. You think these people are going to stop? Think harder. Reply C.B. Anderson November 25, 2019 No surprise, Joseph, you’ve got things exactly right. Any Asians or Africans that are not pragmatic are probably already dead. I’m not certain whether this one made it into your A GALLERY OF ETHOPATHS or not. What most people do not grasp is that “rights” only apply to morally autonomous creatures, and not to creatures driven by instinct. Humans tend to project their feelings, emotions and motives onto creatures that are perfectly unable to generate these categories of existence themselves. It’s a sickness of the mind that no beast has ever been guilty of. Enough, already! Reply C.B. Anderson November 25, 2019 Peter, in “The Plight of Animals” I did not understand “And all they own their living now as we.” Would you care to explain? I sense that the third poem, “We Don’t Know What They Are” has something to do with dogs. I like dogs, most dogs at least, especially dogs that like me. But let’s not canonize them quite yet, despite what St. Rover & St. Fido might “think” about that. “Pigs at the Fair” is closest to the truth, though hogs, in their present situation, would not exist at all if humans didn’t like to eat bacon. Fattened hogs ARE ridiculous, and it’s no wonder that persons who have done the same thing to themselves are compared to them. So let me give you this, to make of what you will: CRYING FOWL The turkey that we blithely ate Had little cause to celebrate The final Thursday in November. It’s customary to dismember A hapless bird that’s plucked and trussed To satisfy our boundless lust For juicy chunks of roasted meat. The friends and relatives we seat Are thankful for the now deceased Large fowl on which we get to feast. Reduced to clean-picked neck bones, ribs and shanks, Poor Tom is in no mood for giving thanks. Can you believe that one person to whom I sent this (mass-mailed) actually seemed to think that I was advising her to forego Thanksgiving dinner? Reply Peter Hartley November 25, 2019 CBA – By “And all they own their living now as we” I mean “And all [that] they own [is] their living now (in the present) as we [do]”, in other words: “All they own is their very existence in that fraction of time that is the present.” I would not dream of canonising my dog, by the way, unless I had a solemn undertaking from him to clear every cat from within a thirty-mile radius of my house to give me a chance to make some headway into clearing the twenty-foot high mountains of cat crap from the lawns without them all piling up again two days later. Reply Lannie David Brockstein November 26, 2019 Hey Peter, this kind of product can probably resolve your lawns issue: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CcfnAql3xdE C.B. Anderson November 27, 2019 So the problem with that line, Peter, is that there is so much ellipsis going on that it is beyond comprehension syntactically. In other words, the line is elliptical and obscure. I trust that you would rather be lucid and (God willing) lucent. Lannie David Brockstein November 25, 2019 To answer the question asked by the speaker in Mr. Hartley’s “The Plight of Animals”: As one of the largest contributors of climate change causing GHGEs are factory farms, it is likely they will be completely phased out in the West during the next few decades of the 21st century, and replaced by warehouses that use cloned stem cells to “farm” cruelty-free cultured meat products in hamburger-shaped and steak-shaped petri dishes. During the latter half of the 21st century, that technology is likely to be minaturized and marketed as a kitchen appliance, so that everybody can grow their own cruelty-free beef burgers and beef steaks at home, and as inexpensively as it is to grow herbs at home. It is the consumer that chooses to buy cruelty-free cultured meat products over factory farmed meat products “who will give the sinless peace at last.” Reply Peter Hartley November 25, 2019 Lannie – Thank you very much indeed for your extremely heart-warming contribution and for giving me a genuine answer to a question that was purely rhetorical. And the day can’t come soon enough! Reply C.B. Anderson November 27, 2019 My advice to anyone with or without second thoughts about consuming meat is to raise, slaughter and butcher your own livestock. I have done all of this, and no better ethical education is to be had. After you have done all that, your moral decision about such matters will already have been made. My own decision was to keep on eating meat, but to own my responsibility in regard to the entire process, even if the slaughtering was done by proxy. Peter Hartley November 25, 2019 Leo – Thank you for the kind remarks about my three little poems. I know you are an animal lover too and I’m sure you will be as pleased as I am with Lannie’s contribution to this site above. And you may be right about an animal heaven. C S Lewis believed in an afterlife of some kind for pets at least, as their constant proximity to human beings he thought lent them a part of our humanity. Reply Christina November 25, 2019 Dr. Salemi, I am surprised that these thought-provoking poems should have provoked such a vehemently-expressed negative response from you! You refer to your Asian and African students who “can’t believe the absurd lengths to which some Westerners will go to protect animals and make them comfortable”. The language suggests that the treatment of pet animals, especially dogs, has been the focus of such disbelief. Your Asian and African students are almost certainly Muslims and you must know as well as I do that in Islam dogs are ritually unclean. I live in an area of high Asian population, and the young children are taught to scream at the very sight of a dog, while Asian delivery men leave my Amazon parcels at the top of the drive because I have a very friendly dog! Westerners have nothing to learn from the disbelief you describe, but they may well be confirmed in their care for and love of animals by Christian tradition – the Good Shepherd in His tender care fot His sheep, the God who marks the sparrow’s fall, and the life stories of many saints, such as Francis of Assisi and Cuthbert, in which animals feature prominently. What you describe in your second paragraph, of course, are various aspects of the modernist insanity that is destroying all that is left of Western civilisation. I don’t think that they have anything to do with true care for animals or with the thinking behind these beautiful animal poems. Reply Joseph S. Salemi November 25, 2019 I do not believe in cruelty to animals. That kind of thing is vicious and inhumane. But the traditional Western friendliness towards dogs and cats and sheep and horses and beasts of burden is today being dangerously confused with a sick ideology that equalizes human beings with all animals, and that is deliberately denigrating human life in favor of animal life. People who have no qualms at all about aborting babies are the ones who scream for the ASPCA if a mangy cat is stuck in a tree. Vegans are just the tip of the iceberg. What about P.E.T.A., with its apologies for terrorists who wreck laboratories and animal research centers? What about the physical risk that any woman takes who dares to wear animal fur in public? What about maniacs who stop you and question why you have a leather jacket and shoes, or a pigskin belt? What about environmentalist creeps in London who accost you on the street, and berate you for eating beef? All of these things are real, and are happening now. These people are dangerous, and are not a joke. But they are able to “hide in plain sight,” as it were, because there are far too many overly sentimental animal lovers on our side of the political divide. Forget St. Francis — he didn’t take his cat to be manicured, or build an air-conditioned kennel for his dog. Some of my students are Muslims, but many of the Africans are Christians of various denominations. A typical comment from one of them is this: “In Africa we don’t feed dogs or knit pullovers for them. Dogs just eat whatever they happen to find in the street. It’s absurd to pamper them!” My Asian students are either Buddhists or Christians or secularists, but they too can’t believe the insanity of buying winter booties for dogs, or paying big prices for heavily advertised dog foods that are presented on the TV screen as sumptuous banquets. We Westerners loved our animals in the past. But we never went to these idiotic lengths! This is a symptom of a disoriented misperception of what is important. Reply Christina November 26, 2019 No sane person could find very much to quibble about here. If I choose to look outside my own immediate countryside environment at the totally disoriented world in which we live, I can find examples of all the insanities you mention. In my mind they range from the merely stupid to something close to idolatry. For many years I have owned dogs and trained them to do the work proper to their breed and/or play activities based on those working skills. I have also had much contact with local gtoups doing the basic work of pet training for obedience and general good behaviour. Never, in those years of training and competing in trials and game fairs did I see a dog with manicured toe nails or wearing a pullover! I objected to your original comment because of its stereotyping – it failed to separate the sheep from the goats! If you are an animal lover, you seemed to imply, then you are ipso facto a modernist maniac who dresses up dogs and is party to the disorientation and disimtegration of our culture. My one quibble remains. It is that the opinions of your Asian and African students, brought up in parts of the world where attitudes to animals have always differed from those in the West, are irrelevant in this context. You have strengthened my argument by quoting your African student’s ‘typical’ remark on the subject – ‘Dogs just eat whatever they happen to find in the street’. Of course they do, where, as I know, dogs often live on the streets. In Great Britain dogs are not allowed to be loose on the streets, and if found so are picked up by the relevant authority. There are big fines for the owners of dogs who do not pick up their dog’s excrement and local authorities see to it that the streets are cleared of anything that might feed a dog. So here we have to keep our dogs indoors or kennelled, and incidentally we can prevent them suffering, as street dogs do, from the torments of fleas, ticks and mange. As for the white bootees, I and the many hundreds of dog owners I have met over the years would agree 100% with your student. My dogs have brought more happiness to me over the years than I can possibly quantify and I thank God daily for their companionship and loyalty. They ask for nothing in return and certainly don’t get heated kennels, bootees, manicures or coats! The odd used tennis ball, maybe! The death of each one has also brought me very great grief, and I hope, as some other posters do, that their Creator has plans for thrm to which He has not made us privy. Joseph S. Salemi November 26, 2019 We have no real argument, Christina. It’s just a matter of perspective. I have deep respect for persons who live and work with animals regularly, such as trainers or breeders or farmers or veterinary doctors. They always have the same level-headed and no-nonsense attitude that you show. And I do recognize that a strong bond of affection can exist between a pet and its master, and that this affection and loyalty are good things. My main point was the “hide-in-plain-sight” ploy of animal-rights fanatics. They make use of the traditional feelings of humanity and sympathy for animals that many Westerners share, and then surreptitiously twist them into justifications for utterly insane anti-human novelties. Joe Tessitore November 26, 2019 Beautiful poetry about animals and the insanity of dog owners are two different things. Reply Christina November 26, 2019 Some owhers, Joe, some owners! Reply Joe Tessitore November 26, 2019 Unfortunately, I live on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, where it is virtually ALL dog owners. Peter Hartley November 26, 2019 Joe – Thank you once again for iterating your kind remark regarding my poetry, and for reminding us that verses about dogs have little to do with the insane, capricious or fatuous behaviour of some dog owners. And since the subject of dog owners has been introduced I should like to state with some conviction that I have not seen a dog with exquisitely pedicured nails or a pair of booties in the UK, I can well imagine the sight of a dog so dressed might foment a misplaced hatred for dogs in general, especially if you have already had both arms ripped off by next door’s Rottweiler. Some dog owners have a lot to answer for. no malice aforethought. Those who do dress up their dogs (do they all live in America?) have a lot to answer for but they must be a rarity as they are effectively de-dogging the dog of its doghood, which defeats the object of owning a dog in the first place Reply Lannie David Brockstein November 26, 2019 In many countries during the winter, the weather is not typically snowy and icy. However, in Canada and the northern U.S., the city streets and sidewalks during the wintertime are always poisoned with tons of snow and ice melting rock salt that dries out and cracks the pads of dog paws. The same way that it is very painful for any human to have salt put onto a papercut, it is also very painful for any dog to have salt on a cracked pad of its paw. Furthermore, the pharmaceutical industry’s chemicals that are added to rock salt, are toxic to dogs, and it is natural for them to lick anything that is caked between their toes. On days when the weather is too hot for humans to walk barefoot on pavement and concrete, that is also when it is too hot for the pads of dog paws. Even when the weather is not that hot, their walking and running on pavement and concrete does harmfully wear upon the soft pads of their paws that are designed or that did evolve for walking and running on the softness of grass, dirt, and mud. Those are some of the arguments as to why it is ethical for dog owners to dress their dogs in boots. Reply Joe Tessitore November 26, 2019 It really isn’t about dogs, but about the people who own them. You’d have to see what goes on here to believe it, but I will say that it goes well beyond putting boots on them to protect their paws in winter. Reply Peter Hartley November 27, 2019 Lannie – Thank you once again for the useful link. I have tried lion excrement (available from our local pet shop but presumably gleaned from the local zoo) which worked for a couple of days till the cats overcame the intimidation and returned to pooing in every garden but their own. Joe – you seem to be very unfortunate with the shallowness and conceit of dog owners in your neighbourhood. Where I live nobody dresses their dog up like a dog’s dinner but most owners do exercise a responsible attitude towards their local environment and carry plastic bags around with them for the collection and disposal of their dogs’ waste. It is such a pity that the most faithful, affectionate and companionable animals on earth should ever, through the vanity or irresponsibility of a tiny minority of owners, incur the odium that properly belongs elsewhere. Reply James A. Tweedie November 27, 2019 Peter et al, As a former dog owner I can say two things: 1. I love dogs, and 2. they love me so much they sometimes try to take a piece of me home with them! Which leads me to a third thing–one that sort of changes the subject a bit. And that is to say that dogs, at least the domesticated sort that are here being discussed, are the product of hundreds of years of cross-breeding, in-breeding and other forms of genetic manipulation designed to create canis breeds that meet and satisfy a variety of human needs. All dogs are descended from feral beasts that hunted in packs to capture, kill, and consume prey. No wonder they sometimes bite! Domesticated dogs are good companions because we have bred them to be such. God did not create them this way. I suppose it would not be too far off the mark to call them “designer dogs.” Today we can even more accurately artificially alter the genetic make-up of both plants and animals. Genetic alterations in humans hold promise for reducing or eliminating many health-, congnitive-, and social behavior-related conditions. Perhaps one day we will breed ourselves into being as docile, lap-friendly, deferential, obedient, and droolingly domesticated as dogs. But if and when that day arrives, will be still be human? Reply Joseph S. Salemi November 27, 2019 James, it is even worse than what you describe. I read an article which outlined how many dogs are now being bred solely to win prizes at dog-show competitions, and the traits that are being genetically concocted are ones that are purely designed to win points in the judging. The dog is expected to stand in a certain way, have a certain overall appearance, walk with a particular kind of stride, and even have a certain favored facial look. The result is that we are creating Frankenstein types of canine monsters that are unnatural, and unfitted to live. Their bizarre skeletal anatomy and internal organs are badly skewed, and cannot support any sort of normal lifestyle or life span. Such wretched dogs are only designed for the vanity of their owners, who are desperate to win prizes. Imagine a St. Bernard with the heart of a Chihuahua. Imagine a French poodle with the head of a German shepherd. Imagine any kind of genetic monstrosity cooked up to please the stupid vanity of rich jerks on the Upper West Side. At least in England dogs were bred for sane and sensible purposes, like hunting, or tracking, or herding sheep, or being guard dogs. Reply Christina November 28, 2019 There was an outcry about this appalling form of animal-abuse many years ago in the UK, which did compel some modification of the dog-show world’s dreadful ‘breed standard’ requirements. Nothing can excuse such madness and cruelty in the service of human vanity, but it is important to keep a sense of proportion here and remember that dog owners who ‘show’ their unfortunate dogs are vastly outnumbered by responsible dog owners – over here at least. I have spent much time in the world of dogs, but have never met one that has been taken to ‘Crufts’! But rhese comments worry me because it used to be said “Look at the USA to see what it will be like over here in 30 years”, and I suspect the interval is now much reduced! Peter Hartley November 27, 2019 James – I penned a short apology to you a few moments ago which crossed your latest post. I must say I disapprove strongly of the kind of inbreeding that gives short-snouted dogs like pugs and bull-dogs a lifetime’s respiratory problems. More successful is the development of the Labrador retriever out of the Newfoundland, although I wonder if the hip dysplasia common in Labs is also rife among Newfoundlands? It’s hard to believe that the swift is more closely related to the humming birds and is not even in the same order as the swallow that it closely resembles, the swallow being taxonomically closer, incredibly, to a carrion crow; and yet all dogs from St Bernard to chihuahua are some race bearing the same generic and specific name “Canis familiaris” [in italics] Dogs really are unique in the way that they have ben engineered by man, partaking perhaps, as C S Lewis seems to imply, something of our humanity. I have said before on this site that I was convinced that my dog had self-awareness because it used to embarrass him to fall into our local canal. He almost visibly went red! Another of our family dogs had a command of forty-five separate commands or instructions in English and could open doors from the inside; and if any further proof of superior intellect were needed, how many of us can hold a tennis ball in our mouths? Quod erat demonstrandum. Reply James A. Tweedie November 27, 2019 Peter, I must amend my comment concerning God’s creation and the human domestication of dogs. It should be obvious that systematic breeding does not create intelligence in dogs where none existed before. Breeding can only refine, distill, and uplift that which God/or Nature had already bestowed upon them in the first place! Reply Peter Hartley November 28, 2019 James – Thank you for the clarification which successfully restores you to the fold of Christian orthodoxy! Peter Hartley November 28, 2019 CBA – I have just found your comment on my line “And all they own their living now as we”. In my recent post to you I deliberately over-expanded my explanation hoping that even a total idiot would be able to understand it. But if you merely re-insert the single two-letter word “is” between “own” and “their” surely the whole phrase becomes instantly comprehensible? Or perhaps it is the gerund “living” that gives you trouble in its context here? Of the other ellipses it is arguable whether the first (missing “that”) could be described as such since it makes no difference whether the word is there or not and the phrase stands absolutely equally well with or without it. Perhaps “redundant” would describe the missing word better. Of the third ellipsis, “do,” the same could be said. And yet you say “There is so much ellipsis going on that it is beyond comprehension syntactically”. In poetry, as you will surely know better than I (and especially within the tight strictures of the Italian or Petrarchan sonnet form} it is often necessary to compress our words and even, now and again, to expand them (let us all confess) with the odd bit of waffle or circumbendibus. Before submission I asked two people to read these three little verses, and this line among one or two others in particular. The first understood exactly what I meant at a first reading: the second needed a little gentle prompting to give me the precise purport within a reasonable timeframe, but on her own ready admission that dear lady is as thick as two short planks. Obscurity I will and do try to avoid as long as it is consistent with aims that are more important to me than a blatant transparency at first reading. PS I admire the decision to rear, slaughter and butcher your own food. I imagine that many of us who buy all our meat as red lumps totally unrecognisable as parts of once-living creatures, wrapped in cling-film from the local hypermarket would blench at the sight of a captive bolt smashing through the frontal bone of an ox. This is hypocrisy. Your decision to continue eating meat was honest. Reply Peter Hartley November 28, 2019 Correction: I’ve been reliably informed that the Labrador retriever is descended from the St John water dog and not the Newfoundland as I wrote three posts ago. Reply Lannie David Brockstein December 3, 2019 Is it unethical for dog owners in Manhattan or elsewhere to treat their dogs as little “fur-babies” who they pamper, no matter how ridiculous some of us might find that to be? Yes, dogs cannot read or write, but they can understand more than 100 words of any human language, which is around how many words an average two to three year old human baby can understand. Furthermore, it can also be reasonably argued that dogs are more than 80% human, because in terms of their DNA, dogs and humans have more than 80% of the exact same DNA. Descartes was incredibly mistaken when he concluded that the cries of animals are nothing but an illusion, and that animals do not truly suffer if they are hurt. The truth is that animals are not lifeless robots that mimic human responses to stimuli. The pain that animals in today’s factory farms and medical laboratories suffer is no less real than the pain which the Jewish people and other political prisoners suffered at the hands of the Nazis. Descartes in his having horrifically tortured animals to death, was a deranged sadist, and his barbaric philosophy which basically claims that “it is ethical to torture animals because they do not have souls”, is a false philosophy, and thus his philosophy ought not to be taught in high schools and universities unless it is simultaneously taught that Descartes’ understanding of what animals are and how he treated them was not only incorrect, but also inhumane, sadistic, and evil. In the context of Descartes’ philosophy, the question of whether or not animals have souls is irrelevant: the pain they feel is real. Descartes used his deranged philosophy to rationalize his having sadistically tortured animals to death in the name of science. Thus, Descartes was no different than the Nazis who used their evil ideology to rationalize their having murdered millions of Jews and those of other so-called “non-Aryan” races, who the Nazis delusively believed to be of “an inferior race” and therefore that those of “an inferior race” are nothing more than soulless animals that in the Nazi’s gas chambers and concentration camps and medical laboratories did only pretend to feel pain. Not only were the Nazis racist, they were also ableist in their having murdered many thousands of disabled non-Jewish Germans, French, Poles, etc., as the Nazis also did not believe that disabled humans have souls, and it did not matter to the Nazis whether any disabled person was “Aryan” or not. Descartes was very evil person, and that historical fact should never be concealed or dismissed by any student or teacher of science or philosophy. Recently, the National Hockey League has once again been in the news, because two of its coaches have been fired for being abusive to their team’s hockey players. The only hockey players that abusive personalities such as Mike Babcock and Bill Peters are fit to coach, are the robot hockey players of a video game screen, because unlike robot hockey players, the pain that every human hockey player suffers if verbally abused or kicked or punched is real. Those of us who value Truth, but were basically taught to believe that “animals do not have souls and that is why it is ethical for factory farms and medical researchers to torture them”, must re-examine all of our opinions, because that learned opinion is based on a grave error of Descartes’ philosophy. Reply Joseph S. Salemi December 4, 2019 Lannie, you are a prime example of everything that is wrong with modern thinking and sentiment. It makes no sense for any of us to argue with you, since you are nothing but a recorded tape for politically correct asininity. Reply Peter Hartley December 4, 2019 It does indeed make no sense whatsoever to argue with what Lannie has written above since most of what he says is self-evident and beyond dispute. Thank you, Lannie, for the second of your very highly informative contributions regarding our treatment of animals and their moral status. Reply Joseph S. Salemi December 4, 2019 “Highly informative contributions”? You’ve got to be putting us on, Peter. Lannie David Brockstein December 4, 2019 Joseph, I am flattered that you always make your replies to me about me, and never about the ideas and arguments which I have put forth. But that anti-academic behaviour does not change the fact it is the criticaster who limits himself to making personal attacks, because personal attacks are a form of censorship, whereas it is the critic who puts forth ideas and arguments for the sake of dispassionate discussion and debate, because that is to value Freedom of Speech! When will you re-think your stubborn opinions that, like mine own when I was younger, have been strongly influenced by history to monkey or mimic the evil errors of Cartesian philosophy? The poet John Keats did himself probably witness or perform horrific medical experiments on living animals, before he had a crisis of conscience and quit being a student at the notorious Guy’s Hospital. An elephant can be trained to paint a picture, but acting like an artist does not make any elephant to be an artist. However the pain that any elephant feels if hurt is real. When viewing some of the documentaries on those of the Uyghur Muslims that had been kidnapped and tortured by the Communist Party of China, I noticed their common complaint whereby they basically said that “in being tortured, they were treated like animals”. Not to downplay their having been horribly abused…what is ethical about animals being treated as inhumanely as they themselves were? Reply Christina December 5, 2019 Laurie, that ĺast question you ask is a very important one that I have asked many times over the years whenever I have heard the claims of the ill-treated, oppressed, tortured or abused that they were treated like animals. I suppose that at one time, certainly in the uk, the claim meant something quite different, for example in reference to living conditions/habitat, where clearly those of humans and animals differ. People forced to live in bad hoising conditions miģht claim to be living like animals with no implication of cruelty to them. But the underlying mindset at work in the example you quote is dreadfully disturbing to me, and it can be seen in film secretly shot in certain abbatoirs in this country and in the shocking cruelty revealed through TV documentaries made by animal charities such as the RSPCA. C.B. Anderson December 25, 2019 Joe, I imagine that Descartes’ response to Lannie would have been,”You don’t think; therefore you are not.” Reply Peter Hartley December 25, 2019 Or cogito cogito ergo cogito sum … Lannie David Brockstein December 31, 2019 Unlike the Descartes of C.B.’s imagination, I recognize and respect my neighbours that have a cognitive disability, therefore I am not a bigoted ableist. Some of the sweetest individuals that I know have a cognitive disability. None of us humans are necessarily perfect 100% of the time, and what we lack in one area of life, we typically more than make up for it in another area—similar to the way that those of us whom are blind often have much better hearing than those of us that can both see and hear. Likewise, our neighbours whom have a cognitive disability are often much more emotionally intelligent than any verbally abusive cyberbully that, out of fear and jealousy, has vindictively resorted to having weaponized their criticism because they want to censor those of us whom have genuinely “civil and fruitful” comments to contribute to the discussion. Joseph S. Salemi December 4, 2019 Lannie, you are either a hypocrite or an idiot, and I’ll leave it to others to decide which. Consider the facts: You claim that I am trying to censor you, and that you value “Freedom of Speech.” And yet in your lengthy post of December 3, you propose the insanely illiberal idea that a great European philosopher like Descartes should be forbidden to be taught in our schools, or only taught with mandatory restrictions. I guess your idea of “Freedom of Speech” only holds validity in the case of politically correct lemmings like yourself.. You then insist that anyone who doesn’t share your bizarre views about the rights of animals should be compelled to “re-examine” their opinions. Is that your idea of liberalism? Do we all have to go to Communist re-education camps to suit you? Frankly, Lannie, who the hell are you to tell me or anyone else what we should think, or what we should teach? By what act of divine appointment have you been made the arbiter of propriety? The mere fact that you are stupid enough to equate a profound thinker such as Descartes with genocidal Nazis only proves you are as ignorant as a bag of rocks. Am I being unfair in that last sentence? I don’t think so. You have also proven your denseness by insisting that poems here at the SCP ought to be sung aloud if they are to have any meaning, even though poetry has been an overwhelmingly on-paper art for centuries now in the West. I notice that no one here at the SCP discussions threads said a thing about that stupid proposition of yours, no doubt because they figured anyone wacky enough to put it forward was probably mentally deficient. By the way, ALL vertebrate mammals share about 80% of their DNA. If you think that this means we are all humans, there’s no hope for you, logically speaking. Reply Peter Hartley December 5, 2019 I should like to put forward my own stance, insofar as I have one, with regard to meat-eating and vegetarianism. I do eat meat occasionally, but not lamb or anything that comes from a pig. Not lamb because it reminds me strongly of Paul and Linda McCartney’s instant decision to become vegetarian on seeing lambs gambolling in a field one day; and no pig meat because I believe they are very highly intelligent creatures (perhaps even surpassing dogs) and there is a correlation between intelligence and sentience. I have pangs of guilt each (rare) time I eat meat and I derive little consolation from the knowledge that the particular animal I’m eating would have been dead anyway, whether I bought and ate its liver or not. Such a statement is mere equivocation. I know that if I saw any animal larger than a chicken slaughtered in front of me the image would remain with me and haunt me for the rest of my life and I would probably become an instant vegan. This is why I can admire the stance that has been adopted by CBA who, though a meat eater, has taken the trouble to come to an informed decision based on experience and fact. I remember reading somebody’s tongue-in-cheek remark, “If we are meant to be vegetarian why are animals made of meat?” I don’t think there is any biblical insistence or recommendation that we be vegetarian: sparrows, fish and Gadarene swine all spring to mind. I believe animals on the whole are treated rather cavalierly in the bible. But giving humanity dominion over the beasts of the field does not give us carte blanche to indulge in the gratuitous cruelty that Cartesian philosophy appears almost to encourage. Perhaps my own stance would carry more weight if I had one; and had I the courage to make a decision between sentiment and compassion at one end of the scale, logic and expedience at the other. I’m aware that I do not come across very admirably in the foregoing lines but I can’t make myself sound any better. Gavin Maxwell loved all animals yet he hunted and stalked and shot, and almost single-handedly wiped out the entire (harmless) basking shark population from British waters in the 1950s. So I am in distinguished company. Reply Peter Hartley December 5, 2019 Two little poems I wrote earlier this year, the first based on direct experience (For Lannie’s attention). BY THE TEMPLE OF LUXOR The finest archaeology displayed, We sat in silent awe above the Nile And marvelled at each pylon, peristyle And hypostyle and every colonnade And obelisk and statue we surveyed. But in the city by this noble pile A wretched sight, the pathos of its vile Neglect a single upright ear conveyed. Upon a mule-drawn cart a mule just killed, Its final gaze its stablemate’s recoil. A life drained with a knife, grey bowels spilled Upon great sores born of relentless toil, The ear they left still pricked upon its head Could hear no more, should one revile the dead. CRUELTY BORN OF INDIFFERENCE A documentary I long recall About some primordial Papuan race, A journalist looked very out of place Where brutal savagery could befall An animal so casually, for all Were so inured, and such sights commonplace. Impassive looks on each insensate face That saw, trussed up and helpless in a sprawl, Some chickens roasting whole upon the fire. One still alive had sprung out of its pyre, Its wings alight; its feathers had begun To char. A tribesman took it by one foot, And patiently he turned and smiled and put It back into the fire till it was done. Reply Lannie David Brockstein December 11, 2019 To Peter, Thank you for having posted those two additional poems of yours. Your “BY THE TEMPLE OF LUXOR” reminded me somewhat, of the sad story about how Friedrich Nietzsche tried to prevent a horse from being flogged by its abusive owner, right before he suffered a mental breakdown. It also reminded me of Arthur Rimbaud, who did allegedly commit an act of vandalism in having carved his name amongst the hieroglyphs on one of the ancient walls at Luxor: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gibna_kebira/206994887 As for your “CRUELTY BORN OF INDIFFERENCE”, that was also what the ancient Romans did to swans and other animals during their feasts. Not everything about the classical tradition is good; then again, not everything about it is bad. As a case in point, it is not kosher for any animal to be cooked or eaten before it has been slaughtered. Furthermore, in the Talmud, there is the “Tza’ar ba’alei chayim” commandment which forbids any practice that causes unnecessary suffering to animals. As for the notion that “intelligence and sentience are correlated”, is it actually correct? Many Indigenous tribes in North America believe that the spirits of sacred rocks and waterfalls, as well as their departed ancestors, do speak to shamans. Is sentience exclusive to the living, or is it also something that exists beyond the kind of intelligence (“I think, therefore I am”) that Cartesian philosophers are limited to perceiving? From Lannie. Reply Peter Hartley December 12, 2019 Lannie – Thank you for your response to my two poems.The only thing I know about Rimbaud (I think) is that he produced his greatest work before the age of sixteen, and I sincerely hope that bit of graffito isn’t supposed to be part of it! By my own definition of “sentience” i.e. capacity to respond to a stimulus, to be conscious and aware, then it is restricted, for me, to the animate; but I am no philosopher and I won’t allow myself to suffer too many pangs of conscience next time I hit the cooker hood with my head or I may soon be overcome by compassion fatigue (I do it quite a lot). But you have certainly given me food for thought, as did your mentioning Romans and their swans. The Romans were said to eat larks’ or nightingales’ tongues weren’t they, and how many beautiful songbirds would have had to be killed to make just a single mouthful? They were certainly a barbarous “civilisation” even if that fact is apocryphal. They would commonly pit animals in the amphitheatres against each other in totally unequal combat (a goat v a lion perhaps) simply, I think, for the pleasure and excitement of seeing creatures in articulo mortis. Lannie David Brockstein December 11, 2019 To Christina, After having read your reply, I did with much difficulty view several videos by RSPCA, as well as some of those by PETA and SHARK, too. Factory farmed adult pigs made insane from their having been housed for many years in individual pens no larger than their own body, and unable to move left or right. A monkey in a medical or cosmetics laboratory having had a harmful chemical put into its fearstruck eyes. A dairy farmer going ballistic that anybody might witness what horrors are actually taking place on his farm. This hell on Earth for animals is partly the result of Cartesian philosophy which falsely teaches that animals are soulless, and therefore that it doesn’t matter if they are abused. The truth, is that it was the delusional Descartes himself who was greatly out of touch with his soul, rather than those innocent animals that he tortured to death having been soulless. To perceive the question as to whether or not animals have souls, as requiring an answer that is only black or white, as Descartes in his selfishness and narcissism did conclude, is to hardly have an adult appreciation of the soul. To perceive that for all things, including rocks such as the sacred rocks of the Indigenous people in Canada and the U.S.A., there are different degrees of soulfulness, and that each animal as an individual has its own degree of soulfulness, as does every individual human, is to not be a Cartesian speciesist that has wrongly concluded all inanimate objects, and all animals as based on their species, are the same in terms of their having or not having a soul. The term “human being” is itself speciesist, because it is based on that grave error of Cartesian philosophy which in its prejudice does only recognize that humans are “beings”, and thus that everything else in the universe is the illusion of a solispistic mind. Thankfully in Canada and the U.S.A., more and more companies that sell food products, cleaning products, medical products, and cosmetic products, are distributing their products that merit being certified as cruelty-free to be available in more and more health food stores, nationwide. Hopefully, these kind of normal products are becoming more and more widely available in other countries, too. Every consumer that is compassionate does ask themselves, each time they are in the market to buy any product, if it is certified as cruelty-free, so they can vote right then and there with their wallet instead of only waiting for the lobbyist-influenced politicians on either side of the political spectrum to pass legislation that prohibits all non-cruelty-free products from being sold, the same way that elephant tusks and rhinoceros horns are already, and rightfully so, prohibited from being sold. Sadly, if something is not certified as being cruelty-free, then it is probably isn’t, the same way that if a food product is not certified as being organic, then it probably isn’t. How many products have each of us purchased, over the years and decades, that are not cruelty-free products, but without our having been aware of it before having purchased those items? Is a cruelty-free rose really the same as a rose by any other name? From Lannie. Reply Joseph S. Salemi December 11, 2019 Lannie, after your long, lugubrious, and smugly moralistic sermon, I’m planning to go home tonight and have my usual glass of pale sherry with pate de fois gras canapes (the real stuff, from Strasbourg), followed by veal cutlets. For dessert my wife and I will have creme brulee made with real cream, and coffee with whole milk. For lunch tomorrow, I’ll have flame-broiled lamb kebabs. I don’t give a damn about your “cruelty-free” cant. And neither does anyone else in the great USA, the land of robust meat-eaters. Long live Descartes! Reply Peter Hartley December 12, 2019 Dr Salemi – If you really have caught the zeitgeist in America with your presumptuous and arrogant assumption that you have “the great USA” on your side, then America is great no more. This comment is without doubt the most repugnant and obnoxious that I have ever read on the SCP site. The fact that you “don’t give a damn about [Lannie’s] cruelty-free cant” is, with the implication that the writer’s talk of cruelty-free is hypocritical, a stunning volte-face after your earlier remark that you do not believe in cruelty to animals, that it is vicious and inhumane. Take those pate de foie gras canapés that you speak of: have you any idea of the cruelty involved in gavage, where a rigid broad plastic tube is shoved right down the throat of a goose and it is persistently force-fed till the bird is literally sick to death? Even if you are a Cartesian and take as gospel everything that he ever said (Long live Descartes, you write) and think that when an animal screams in agony it is just an unfeeling clockwork response to a stimulus, surely, surely, we owe that creature the benefit of the doubt, that the onus is on the unbeliever to prove that an animal is not suffering unnecessarily, in the same way that the burden of proof should lie with pro-abortionists who claim that foeticide is not murder. CBA has said that animals have no rights. No, but WE have obligations. Reply Joseph S. Salemi December 12, 2019 Oh for God’s sake, Peter — don’t get your knickers in a twist. What I wrote in reply to Lannie was satirical and spoofing, as a response to the insufferable syrup-exuding preachiness of the man’s entire mindset and writing style. The guy is a pathological sentimentalist, and savage satire is the only possible response to him. I don’t believe in cruelty to animals. But I am NOT going to be morally browbeaten into treating them like equals, or in changing my lifestyle and eating habits because of your (and Lannie’s) peculiar moral qualms. Is that so hard to understand? My real point in this exchange was to point out (which no one here seems to have grasped) is that people like Lannie “hide in plain sight” — that is, they use the ordinary and understandable humane feelings of animal lovers such as yourself and Christine as convenient cover to push a much more radical agenda. I’m talking here about the lunatics and criminals in PETA and the Animal Rights groups who are doing everything in their fanatical power to force the rest of the world to follow their dictates. The only way to fight back effectively against these maniacs is to do in-your-face things like eating pate de foie gras and veal cutlets and bacon cheeseburgers and lamb kebabs, and proudly wearing leather and fur. Doing such things openly and brazenly is the only real weapon we have. And yes — Long live Descartes, if that’s the only battle-cry that will get the attention of these fanatical nutters. Reply Peter Hartley December 12, 2019 Dr Salemi – I imagine it must be exceedingly rare in people (and I think of monsters like Fred West and Myra Hindley in the UK) to enjoy committing acts of deliberate and wholly gratuitous physical cruelty once they have passed (or hopefully by-passed) the childhood phase of casually pulling the wings off flies. Where it continues, rarely, into adulthood I think of it as a vicious sort of neoteny and this is not what my comments were about or where my criticism was directed. Of course you don’t believe in cruelty purely for the sake of it. Nor does virtually anybody else. Perhaps it was YOU who got your nether habiliments into a double helix. I don’t know whether Lannie belongs to any insidious subversive group or conspiracy or may have affiliations with the Monster Raving Speciesist party, although I doubt it. And I certainly don’t. There’s no-one more apolitical than I am and for very good reasons that I won’t go into. My criticism remains. I can’t understand why you will eat pate from a force-fed goose when you must have some idea of the incidental cruelty involved in its production, and why you consider it to be worth the creature’s suffering. A bit Laodicean in my convictions I wouldn’t blow up a pate factory but would rejoice if the whole repulsive practice were prohibited by law. And I don’t find much in cruelty to animals to be satirical or to spoof about. I remember being in a coach party once at a petrol station forecourt when a lorry pulled up alongside us so full of sheep that they were climbing over each other’s backs all, presumably, on their way to the slaughterhouse. A woman sitting behind me said “Bye bye, see you in the supermarket”. I didn’t think that was very funny either. Reply Joseph S. Salemi December 12, 2019 Actually, the answer to your question is very simple, but profound. I eat and enjoy pate de foie gras and veal cutlets because it is part of my cultural inheritance, and I refuse to give up my cultural inheritance because of the moral (or rather, “moralistic”) concerns of others. Just as I will not apologize for being white, or for having money, or for voting for Trump, or supporting Brexit, or for being well educated, or for attending Roman Catholic Latin masses, or for disregarding the degenerate garbage that passes for “art” in most modern museums. It’s as straightforward as that. I will not let officious and presumptuous people tell me that I have to be “re-educated.” I sense in your comments the kind of attitude that led in the UK to the ban of fox hunting. This was an unwarranted destruction of a real and cherished part of England’s cultural inheritance. Running to the horses and hounds was a tradition that went back as far as the Middle Ages, and probably farther back. And yet it was abolished in the name of opposition to “cruelty.” What a flaming, hypocritical lie! This great tradition was abolished for purely political and ideological reasons: the Left-Labourite hatred of the landed aristocracy; the mawkish sentimentality of Nonconformist ministers; the contrarianism of radicalized females; and the sheer hatred of time-honored practices among the twee faculty at red-brick universities. The fox? None of these people gave a bloody damn about the fox! All they knew was that they hated the sort of persons who went fox hunting, and they were determined to spoil their pleasure. It was exactly why the seventeenth-century Puritans hated bear-baiting — not because it hurt the bear, but because it gave pleasure to the spectators. Besides all this, I have the sanction of the Bible for my views. In Genesis, human beings are specifically given lordship over all living creatures, to use or eat as we see fit. If that involves some pain for them, so be it. There’s scarcely a single page in the Old Testament that doesn’t include the blood sacrifice of an animal. By the way, turkeys are force-fed here in the USA. That’s why we can get twenty-pounders for our Thanksgiving dinners. Reply Peter Hartley December 13, 2019 Dr Salemi – I do recognise the value of our cultural heritage: I spent half my life playing my part in restoring what I could of it, thankful that my work largely involved the conservation of art produced before the twentieth century and before the likes of Duchamp’s urinal, Ofili’s elephant dung and Emin’s utterly unspeakable unmade bed. These three exceptions I have cited show that there is much in our heritage that must be regarded as universally abhorrent by all right-thinking people, and that we would be far better off consigning to the history books. In western art pre-c20th artists would attempt to produce works of art that were beautiful and uplifting, in subject matter and in execution. How passe such an attitude appears today! But who in their right mind wants to bottle John Cage’s four minutes and thirty-three seconds’ silence? There is much in our cultural heritage that is frankly not worth or worthy of preserving. Within our heritage more generally would you keep bull-baiting or its modern equivalent badger-baiting; or the preservation of hanging, drawing and quartering as a public spectacle? (I was surprised to find this punishment still meted out as late as 1715 to some of the Jacobite plotters.) No, you need not apologise for voting for Trump or being well-educated, and your attending Latin mass I can well understand by proxy as my mother will only attend Tridentine rite services and knows more about the horrors and gaffes perpetrated by the current incumbent of the bishopric of Rome than anyone. You do me a slight disservice in crediting me with the attitude that led to the ban on fox-hunting in Britain, however. While I am opposed to the practice on the grounds that it is cruel and that it lowers our dignity as human(e) beings, I am very aware of the hypocrisy of British politicians on the left who merely used it as a stick to beat so-called Tory toffs with, and that, as you say, nobody gave a bloody damn about the fox, simply making a cynical assessment of the benefits that might accrue to them from paying lip-service to a cause they don’t espouse and couldn’t care less about. Regarding sanction from the bible for your views I wouldn’t pay too much attention to Old Testament injunctions or recommendations if I were you (If thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out: an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth) or seek too much strict moral guidance from it. I would say you can’t do much better than start with the Sermon on the Mount! Reply Peter Hartley December 13, 2019 Sorry, that first quotation was St Matthew but I still wouldn’t rush into anything I might regret. Joseph S. Salemi December 13, 2019 Peter, please call me Joe S. or Joseph S. — there is no need for titles here. I add the “S” because there are several persons with this Christian name at the website. I do not doubt for a second your commitment to preserving your English heritage, and I salute it heartily. Saving and restoring the aesthetic artifacts of our culture is one of the highest vocations possible. My uncle (who ran the Previti Gallery here in New York City) was an expert restorer of old paintings, specializing in 19th-century American landscapes and forest scenes. I would disagree with you on one point in this matter — people like Duchamp, Ofili, Ermin, and Cage are NOT a part of our Western heritage. They are purveyors of garbage who have deliberately and consciously made a choice to break with tradition and to degrade it. We have every right to reject their worthless work, and when the right time comes, to destroy it. As for the traditional punishment for high treason (hanging, drawing, and quartering), it was certainly OK to do away with it as unnecessary, as long as we still killed traitors by the hempen noose or the firing squad. But don’t you see? THAT’S MY VERY POINT. Those people who were opposed to all capital punishment did exactly what Lannie is doing — they “hid in plain sight.” They played on the humane tendencies of persons who were appalled by the medieval fierceness of hanging, drawing, and quartering, and they used it to promote, surreptitiously, a ban on capital punishment in toto. And now we can’t kill anybody, no matter what atrocious crimes they have perpetrated! The left does this all the time! It works on the sympathies and kind-heartedness of ordinary apolitical conservatives, and silently dragoons them into voting for much more wide-ranging social changes that were not originally part of the deal. I have seen this happen so many times that I have reached the point where I am tempted to scream that our worst enemies are not leftists, but mild-mannered, milksop conservatives who are always voting incorrectly because of some moral scruple, or because of some emotional impulse of false piety or effeminate “niceness.” Look at the good people of Arizona (conservative, but stupid) who voted in Senators Flake and McCain. They are a textbook example of what I am trying to say. There is no more time for being ‘Nice.” We are under direct attack. As for bull-baiting and bear-baiting — sure, they were savage entertainments, and I suppose we can do without them. But they were part of a tradition that went as far back as the Roman arena, and the bullfights of Hispanic countries go as far back as the bull-jumping of the Minoans and the killing of the sacred bull by Mithra, or the Pharaonic bull confrontations of ancient Egypt. Are you going to tell the Spanish that they can’t kill bulls, or the Puerto Ricans here in New York that they can’t have cock-fighting? There is one absolutely horrific statement in your above post. You say “There is much in our cultural heritage that is frankly not worth or worthy of preserving.” That appalling viewpoint is, in a nutshell, the core rot that is leading to the slow suicide of the West. It is the Achilles’ heel that will allow persons like Lannie to slowly and incrementally strangle what little is left of our Western identity. One’s cultural inheritance is not a smorgasbord table where you can pick and choose what one has a fancy for. It is our basic identity and our birthright! Also, when you say “all right-thinking people,” you have slipped into garden-variety political correctness. That’s a way of saying “All people who think like me.” Incidentally, the Sermon on the Mount doesn’t mention a thing about animals. Reply Peter Hartley December 13, 2019 Joe S – The reason you find my statement, repeated in your antepenultimate paragraph “absolutely horrific” is because I INCLUDE the “works” of the likes of Duchamp, Ofili and the semi-literate Emin as (whether we like it or not) a part of our cultural heritage, “cultural” because that is what they are to the mass of people who visit art galleries or sites of cultural interest, whether they have the aesthetic integrity and discernment of the art critic Brian Sewell, the intellect of the philosopher Roger Scruton (who, incidentally, wiped the floor with Emin in a televised debate I once saw. Unsurprisingly she was the last one to know that he had); OR they have the artistic tastes and abilities of a woodlouse which in the light of some works of “contemporary” art I’ve seen is a gross insult to the intellectual faculties of the woodlouse. I remember at one of the galleries where I worked the splodges of a four-year-old were accepted in an open exhibition by a selection of eminent artists and judges. When they were presented with the facts the lead judge said it must have been a very talented four-year-old. But this is all the culture that many of the great unsoaped and pseudos of the art world know of, and they will stand in front of a work of art painted in yak-crap and concentrated Congolese fruit-bat vomit and make all the appropriate knowing grunts of approval and deliver the right expansive arm gesticulations and laud it to the skies. But this to them is their culture and it is their cultural heritage because they inherit it. And you can’t say it isn’t if you are telling me in the same paragraph that our cultural inheritance is not a smorgasbord from which we can pick and choose. Unfortunately this visual crap, like the sonic crap of John Cage, is a part of our cultural heritage as much as the works of Raphael or of Dürer. And there is no more annoying truism that has come down to us from the ancients than “De gustibus non est disputandum”. The big trouble with truisms is that they are either factoids or they are true. By the way as soon as I had posted my last I noticed “All right-thinking people” and wished that I’d spotted the lazy adjective sooner, but I assure you that I would not consciously conform to any pc criteria. Reply Lannie David Brockstein December 15, 2019 Peter, have you viewed Roger Scruton’s “Why Beauty Matters”? It is one my favourite documentaries. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHw4MMEnmpc Having mentioned that, how is Modernism in the arts any less valuable a concept than the concept of zero is in mathematics, and the concept of Atheism is in religion? Joseph S. Salemi December 13, 2019 Actually, Peter, I don’t think we are in that much disagreement at all. The artists you have mentioned are, in my view, simply NOT a part of the Western cultural tradition. They are alien frauds and interlopers. Ofili and the insufferable Emin aren’t even true Europeans. As for the awards and honors they receive, these are coming from an absolutely corrupt and anti-cultural establishment, one which today has total control of the apparatus of teaching, training, hiring, and funding for artists. It’s an utter disgrace and a bad joke that Emin has the sort of elevated status she now enjoys — it was given to her by the enemies of real culture. All I can say is this: congratulations to everyone in the UK on the huge victory of Boris Johnson. He has kicked Labourite arse; now let’s see him do the same, as Englishmen have valiantly done in the past, to Frog and Kraut arse. Brexit IMMEDIATELY!!! Reply Peter Hartley December 14, 2019 And on that happy note … Reply Christina December 14, 2019 Hear, hear! But I must hark back to the subject of animal cruelty. Joe S. you posted a long self-revelatory comment above with much of which I can wholeheartedly identify. However I am appalled by all that you said in that comment about the cruelty to helpless animals that you support and condone in order to oppose the insane animal rights movement in the omly way you consider possible. You may be right there, but the end cannot justify the means when the means are unjustifiable. You condemned animal cruelty in an earlier comment, and claimed that you would have no part in it. Yet now you say that in order to preserve your ‘cultural heritage’ you eat paté de foie gras, knowing that ducks and geese live and die in unimaginable discomfort and pain to provide you with an unnecessary foodstuff – frankly to feed your greed! You wear fur in the knowledge that while some animals are farmed for their fur, huge numbers are trapped in various types of trap to suffer in pain and terror until they are released by death. It is no longer necessary to use fur for warmth – merely now for vanity. You justify bull-fighting, cock- fighting and, I presume, any other similar ‘entertainments’ as part of somebody’s ‘cultural heritage’. Any part of any cultural heritage that involves evils such as cruelty to man or beast should be quietlydropped, not because of agitating PC factions, but because of a true civilising progression of human thought. From a religious (Christian) point of view the matter admits of no argument. In the order of Creation God created all things and ‘saw that they were good’. He saw that humans were good (before the Fall) and as He had dominion over man and all creation, He gave to man dominion over all His animal creation. Among the attributes of God are mercy and compassion, and as He deals with mankind with mercy and compassion, He could not but intend that man should showsmercy and compassion to the brute creation over which we exexercise dominion at His command. I recommend a search into the writing of Dom Ambrose Agius, OSB, appointed Archbishop of Malta by Leo XIII and Apostolic Delegate to the Phillippines by Pius X. I mention this to deflect suspicion that he might have been a modernist – and so his views were entirely orthodox, although Google will pop up his writing uon recent modernist sites if it serves theit purpose. I like one in particular that refers to him as the first Editor of ‘Ark’ some 27 years after his death! We were given domnion over animals, and while we may use them for our legitimate and necessary needs we must care for them as appropriate, and we may not inflict unnecessary pain or suffering upon them in pursuit of these ends exercising compassion at all times in conformity with their Creator’s will. Reply Lannie David Brockstein December 15, 2019 Christina, indeed as Mr. Salemi did mention, the U.S.A. is a great country, and I would like to qualify that sentiment by mentioning that one of the things which makes it great, is that it does not prohibit Mr. Eduardo Souza of Spain from selling to Yankee doodle dandies his cruelty-free natural whole goose foie gras that is authentic and neither vegetarian nor vegan. Yes, Mr. Souza’s cruelty-free fois gras is more expensive than the foie gras produced by those whose uncompassionate companies are funded by their equally uncompassionate customers, and that cause nothing but pain and suffering to the geese it is made from. But the higher retail price of Mr. Souza’s product is reasonable, because it reflects the true cost of making foie gras in a way that is honourable and therefore humane. https://eduardosousafarm.com/index.php?view=producto&product_id=1 Christina, I would also like to mention that I appreciate your having mentioned the importance of not only being cruelty-free towards animals, but also towards our fellow humans. Though it was critical, your previous reply to Mr. Salemi was nonetheless a cruelty-free reply, because it did not contain any verbally abusive cyberbullying towards him—and by extension, towards the rest of us who read your reply. That you have consistently contributed to this thread in a manner that is civilized and thus thoughtful, is something which I value, and for that, I am thankful. The same way that the good shepherd does care for their flock, the good hockey coach does care for their players, and the good writer does care for their readers. Reply Christina December 15, 2019 Thank you, Lannie, and I apologise for getting your name wrong – my sight is not too good! Joseph S. Salemi December 15, 2019 Christina, you are just not listening to what I have been saying. Neither has anyone else here, it would seem. We are right now in a WAR with the Left. Not a debate, not a polemical exchange, not a parliamentary disagreement, and not a polite contretemps at the afternoon tea table. It’s a WAR, and in a war, as Shakespeare says, you must “imitate the action of the tiger,” and you must “dream of cutting foreign throats.” Shakespeare, good Englishman and recusant Catholic that he was, knew this quite well. The war with the political and cultural Left is quite real, even though many sentimentalist Christian conservatives refuse to acknowledge it. You people in the UK just won a major skirmish in that war. Do you have any idea of what would have happened to you, your family, your property, your money, and your rights if that gimlet-eyed maniac Corbyn had been elected? This isn’t a polite chess game, dammit! This is a life-and-death struggle for the existence of Western identity. Warfare and capital punishment are savage and brutal, and yet both are in complete accord with accepted and long-standing Christian morality, no matter what that buffoonish embarrassment of an Antipope in Rome says. The issue of fur or pate de foie gras isn’t that important to me, personally. If I had to do without them it would not be the end of my world. But right now, in the current objective situation of WARFARE that we find ourselves in, it has become a battle! And if you decline to fight a battle, you give the enemy a victory by default. Do that often enough, and you lose the whole war. This is what I mean by timorous and deferentially polite conservatives always being the Achilles’ heel of our side of the cultural war. The Left takes five steps forward, and instead of fighting savagely to win back the field, you counsel the rest of us to that we should settle for one step backwards. When people like Lannie come here and “hide in plain sight,” playing on weak-willed sympathy and mild-hearted pity, you give in. In short, you are simply incremental enablers for the Left. You timidly step on a weak emergency-brake to slow down the Revolution for a little bit, and then you claim to be fighters for conservatism. That isn’t helping the war effort. That’s just an organized retreat. So yes, I shall continue to eat real pate de foie gras from Strasbourg, and wear fur coats, and have lamb kebabs, and fling heavy stones at the bloody cats who defile my backyard. Because if people like me didn’t do that, do you think someone like Lannie would be satisfied? No, they’d immediately start coming up with ANOTHER demand or ANOTHER suggestion, and they would have even deeper moral authority on their side in the form of the precedents that weak-willed Christian sentimentalists have given them via past surrenders. In the 1930s, they called this appeasement. It didn’t work with Hitler, and it won’t work with crackpots like Lannie. The Left never stands still, which is why they call themselves “progressives.” Think about it, everyone here who is actually committed to saving the West from slow-motion suicide. Reply Lannie David Brockstein December 19, 2019 Christina, You’re welcome. I did not sense any maliciousness on your part. It seemed more like a smartphone typo, than anything else. It is not as though you have been doing your Voldemort-best in this thread to make it seem as though SCP is an alt-right website that has a twerpy chicken hawk subculture of verbally abusive cyberbullying. As for eye health, there are herbs and supplements, such as astaxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin, which are available at health food stores. There is much information online about those products. Reply Peter Hartley December 21, 2019 Lannie – Thank you very much for your link to the documentary “Why Beauty Matters” which I had NOT seen before, although a few short extracts therefrom were in the televised interview between Roger Scruton and Emin, which I DID see. I shall never forget the statement, common to both recordings, “It’s art because I say it’s art”, which must be the most arrogant remark in the entire history of Western Europe; and another little gem, from the same source I think, the delightful petitio principii “It’s art because it’s in an art gallery”. Reply Peter Hartley December 21, 2019 And to return briefly to the subject of the plight of animals, Descartes has figured prominently in this thread. The following short poem, which I wrote more than a year ago, may indeed open a can of worms: DESCARTES AND ANIMAL PAIN Descartes tells us sensation marks mankind From all the beasts, their feelings less than stone. Because they suffer silently we find They suffer not at all: it helps condone The hunter if the hunted feel no pain. The gutted wildebeest will mutely fall, It seldom shrieks, in dying won’t complain. The end can’t be so dreadful after all. It cannot be, or wouldn’t it be odd, Those sparrows sold, two farthings paid for five, Not one of them forgotten before God? How could some great celestial joke contrive Not only for a few of us to thrive, We eat each other barely to survive? Reply Euclidrew Base December 21, 2019 The opening paragraph of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy on Rene Descartes suffices to put to rest some of the nonsense flying in this strand: “René Descartes (1596–1650) was a creative mathematician of the first order, an important scientific thinker, and an original metaphysician. During the course of his life, he was a mathematician first, a natural scientist or “natural philosopher” second, and a metaphysician third. In mathematics, he developed the techniques that made possible algebraic (or “analytic”) geometry. In natural philosophy, he can be credited with several specific achievements: co-framer of the sine law of refraction, developer of an important empirical account of the rainbow, and proposer of a naturalistic account of the formation of the earth and planets (a precursor to the nebular hypothesis). More importantly, he offered a new vision of the natural world that continues to shape our thought today: a world of matter possessing a few fundamental properties and interacting according to a few universal laws. This natural world included an immaterial mind that, in human beings, was directly related to the brain; in this way, Descartes formulated the modern version of the mind–body problem. In metaphysics, he provided arguments for the existence of God, to show that the essence of matter is extension, and that the essence of mind is thought. Descartes claimed early on to possess a special method, which was variously exhibited in mathematics, natural philosophy, and metaphysics, and which, in the latter part of his life, included, or was supplemented by, a method of doubt.” I cannot even imagine modern mathematics without Descartes. Reply Peter Hartley December 21, 2019 Mr Rabbit-Vacuum (if I may), I hope you didn’t take the concluding couplet of my third little poem viz “It feels we would be better to my mind, allied to them and far less to our kind” as anything more than a rhetorical statement. It was not intended to be taken literally. I remember when another SCP member made a kind, well-meant rhetorical statement in concurrence with the gist of your “Sonnet: America in 2019” you riposted with a po-faced piece of gratuitous unpleasantness, the sarcasm and the bile in which appeared wholly unwarranted by his comment. Thank you for the extract from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. I have read similar encomia to the genius and the achievements and the virtues of Descartes but I am not interested in them for present purposes. My concern is for the cruelty to animals that his beliefs promoted, and which meant that animals had virtually no hearing at all in mainstream philosophy till the likes of Jeremy Bentham a hundred and fifty years later. Incidentally, unlike you, I can very well imagine modern mathematics with or without Descartes or Newton or Euler: I still can’t do long division but I cannot say it has been a crippling handicap in life. I can, though, in my worst nightmares conjure up a world without animals, and it is a hideous and an arid place to be. Reply Peter Hartley December 21, 2019 Sorry, I meant Bentham was TWO hundred and fifty years after Descartes, and not a moment too soon. Christina December 22, 2019 And later in this same entry on Descartes one reads: ‘The twentieth century variously celebrated his famous “cogito” starting point, reviled the sense data that some alleged to be the legacy of his skeptical starting point, and looked to him as a model of the culturally engaged philosopher. He has been seen, at various times, as a hero and as a villain; as a brilliant theorist who set new directions in thought, and as the harbinger of a cold, rationalistic, and calculative conception of human beings. Those new to the study of Descartes should engage his own works in some detail prior to developing a view of his legacy.’ Good advice indeed. It is neither helpful nor, I think, intelligent to quote selectively from a respected source in support of one’s own viewpoint or “to put to rest” the perceived “nonsense” of other contributors to the discussion. Reply Christina December 22, 2019 My entry above was to that of E Base, December 21st. Peter Hartley December 22, 2019 Christina – It was exceedingly cruel of you, I trow, to occasion Mr Base such acute embarrassment by your revelation of his rather Base (in the sense “underhand”) attempt to pervert a carefully balanced view of the man by selective quotation. Perhaps Mr Base did not consider it likely that anybody would bother to examine the context of his snippet from Stanford’s to find other little excerpts that might allow the reader to form a more accurate appraisal. I certainly would not have credited Mr Base with such, let us say, “Base” behaviour; but then I must be a great deal more naive than you. I take issue, though, with his self-satisfied and arrogant assumption that his selective extract “suffices” to lay to rest some of the “nonsense flying in this strand”. How on earth does he arrogate the right to tell ME that his selective quotation (tantamount to misquotation) “suffices” to transform my opinions to accord with his own? Nobody on this thread has ever denied the noteworthy achievements of Descartes: that was never the point at issue, so why Mr Base (in the sense “ignominious”) felt the need to heave a carefully chosen cob out of Stanford’s to support a non-existent contention I cannot fathom. Reply Aedile Cwerbus December 21, 2019 Julius Caesar (100 BC – 44 BC) cautioned Romans to pay less attention to dogs and more attention to children. I may not agree with Caesar on some things, but I definitely agree with him on that. Reply Peter Hartley December 21, 2019 I knew that sooner or later someone on this thread would have to make odious comparisons between our treatment of animals and children, or something along those lines; as in the UK we hear the oft-repeated winge that we have an RSPCA but only an NSPCC. I’m proud to say I don’t know what Caesar thought about anything to agree or to disagree with, although I DO know of several things that he DID. And I’m sure the people of Rome could have done well without his gratis advice on parenthood: everybody knows that children are more important than dogs. Reply Monty December 22, 2019 How can you agree with Ceasar on that if you’ve got no way of knowing if he actually said those words? And no way of knowing ANYTHING that he said in his lifetime? It truly fascinates me how some people can hold firm a quote that someone supposedly said 10, 15, 20 centuries ago! It’s the ultimate in self-delusion. If you’re thinking of posting some worthless passage from a ‘history’ book to support your claim; you may be dissuaded from doing so after reading the following words once uttered by some French chap: ‘History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon’. That is the last sentence on history . . and the defining sentence. If we talk of anything more than 500 years ago; then it’s not history . . it’s only versions. Reply Peter Hartley December 22, 2019 Monty – The reason Mr Base says “I may not agree with Caesar on some things, but I definitely agree with him on that” is because he hopes to convey the impression to we poor ignorant illiterates that he is familiar, not only with every single thing that Caesar said and wrote, but also everything he ever thought. Monty December 21, 2019 I’m aware that it’s become a cliche these days, but it remains true that all species – including humans – are equal; as in, each species has a role to play in the sustenance of our planet . it’s that simple. The human species differs from all others in only one way . . it’s the only species with the capability of destroying the planet. Those who don’t recognise such equality (probably the majority in North America) would do well to wiki the word ‘biocentrism’. Reply Peter Hartley December 21, 2019 Monty – Thank you for your contribution, and with Jeremy Bentham you are in distinguished company with your belief: “that the capacity for suffering is the essential characteristic that entitles animals to equal consideration” (Google). I would qualify the word “equal” with “in some respects” in this quote but your point is well made. Reply Erisbawdle Cue December 22, 2019 Certainly a world without other life forms (animals or plants) would be horrible; for without them everyone of us (and them) would die. Ah, even @ the SCP one must defend Descartes; but still it is worth while, the method of his heart’s discourse. What I admire about Descartes are his methodical doubt and his application of 16th century algebra to the geometry of the Ancient Greeks, an advancement in mathematical abstraction, observable in high school mathematics.. The hatred (or willful ignorance) of mathematics runs deep @ SCP. That is a deep flaw. One quote from Descartes suffices: “…mathematics is a more powerful instrument of knowledge than any other that has been bequeathed to us by human agency.” Who other than a Dutch portrait painter from the Golden Age, like Franz Hals, could have painted Descartes with an overall air of truth? Here is a bilding [sic] from decades ago. Portert van Rene Descartes by Sir Bac de Leeuw Franz Hals’ rendition of Descartes shows, in his pose, the arched eyebrows above the thoughtful, round, brown eyes, the wrinkles faint below, the large and bumpy nose, the graying whiskers that his lips enclose, the chin’s large size, his face encased in long brown, falling, curling hair, beneath a starched and bright white collar’s square, which lies upon a cape of ebony, a black roquelaire perhaps. He holds his hat, black too, in his right hand. His arrogance and confidence infuse his stare, the man who thought and brought geometry’s great land to algebra—so clearly and distinctly—Hals shows the man, against a gray background of cool command. Reply Monty December 23, 2019 I confess: I have both a hatred and a willful ignorance of maths. Can you explain to me how that might be a “deep flaw” in my character? No, I didn’t think you’d be able to. Reply Aedile Cwerbus December 23, 2019 Ah, even @ SCP one has to defend Gaius Julius Caesar. What does the word classical even mean to these individuals? 1. Caesar was a writer. He is among the greatest of prose writers, especially in military history, and among the greatest of orators. 2. What we have of Caesar’s writings is not that much. They can be taught at a very early age; at home school my children read his “Bello Gallica” in Latin. 3. Even in the public high school World literature class I taught, the students read excerpts from Caesar. 4. It is from Caesar that I learned the value of referring to oneself in the third person. Reply Monty December 23, 2019 You’re on the wrong roof, Bruce: you DON’T have to defend Caesar.. ‘coz Caesar’s not under attack! Nobody in this thread has spoken ill of him; not in the slightest. The only person under attack is you.. for trying to quote someone from 2000 years ago, without the thinnest shred of evidence that he actually said it . . other than you ‘read it somewhere’. Can you really not see the futility in making such a claim? If you can’t, let me assist you . . . Imagine, one day, that I made the following comment on these pages: ‘When Caesar was 37, he turned to a close friend one day and said: “I think beef is better than chicken before going into battle; beef seems to give me more energy”.’ Can you you imagine the derisory ripostes it might attract from other commenters? (“how can you make such a pathetic claim, Monty, when nobody on this planet has any way of knowing whether or not he said those words”) . . See? It’s senseless and worthless to quote anyone, not just Caesar, but ANYONE from 2000 years ago. That’s the point we’re trying to make to you, Bruce; no one’s attacking Caesar. Regarding your four points above: 1/ You’ve got no right to claim that Caesar was one of “the greatest of prose writers” . . ‘coz you’ve never read anything that the man wrote! You’ve only ever read things that he was SUPPOSED to have written. It really is that simple. 2/ Caesar’s writings “can be taught at a very early age”. What does that mean? WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? What a vacuous thing to say. ANYONE’S writings can be taught at an early age if a kid(s) is curious enough – and it’s drummed into them enough times. Why and how is Caesar any different? 3/ Students read excerpts from Caesar ‘coz they’re forced to. One can only wonder how many of them – once they get a bit older – start to form their own opinions as to whether what they’ve been told has any truth or substance . . and subsequently become disillusioned with the whole subject. And when that happens.. of course they’re not gonna tell the teacher of their true feelings. Hence, teachers blindly continue deluding themselves that they’re doing good . . they’re not! They’re just misleading the kids. 4/ Of course there’s nothing wrong in referring to oneself in the third-person . . but can you kindly explain the “value” of doing so. To me, such a practise would only be of interest to fantasists. Reply Christina December 23, 2019 Sorry Monty, you posted while I was writing my two-pennorth. You may well be right about what Caesar was only supposed to have written, but then it’s ‘De Bello Gallico’ he’s supposed to have written and not ‘Bello Gallica’! Christina December 23, 2019 Well, Mr. Cwerbus, I advise you to dismiss your children’s Latin tutor immediately and without pay. Then when you replace him/her with a proper Latin tutor you must be sure that he/she teaches them that a Latin adjective agrees with the noun it qualifies in gender number and case – hence ‘bello gallico’, NOT ‘bello gallica’. You must also check on that book, supposedly by Julius Caesar that your children were reading. Caesar never wrote a book entitled ‘Bello Gallica’. What he did write were seven separate books entitled ‘De Bello Gallico’ (1 – VII). You can’t be too careful about what children are reading these days. Thank goodness it was you, a proper classics man, who taught students in the public high school World Literature class to read excerpts from Caesar and not one of the illiterates @SCP! Reply Peter Hartley December 24, 2019 Aha!!! So Mr Rabbit Vacuum, aka Aedile Cwerbus aka Eris Bawdle-Cue: exposed as a charlatan!!! And a charlatan of the classics no less!!! And were it not for his pomposity and withering remarks one who might never have been rumbled even now. I came bottom of my class in Latin though I still read and learned hefty chunks of Virgil’s Aeneid (In those days we were expected to translate from English to Latin, not just the easier Latin to English) and was relegated to the art room whence I managed to forge a lowly career as a paintings conservator. But even I had a double take when I read your “Bello Gallica” and felt sure it was wrong, but was not assiduous enough to check. I’m glad somebody did. Aedile Cwerbus December 26, 2019 Quick notes: 1. I fear the country’s going to the dogs. 2. Aggressive dogging, nipping at one’s heels, the dogs of war! O, hear their baying squeals. 3. A flaw in artistic vision is not a flaw in character, or is it? 4. Pedanticism reigns supreme. 5. “Never argue with a fool, onlookers may not be able to tell the difference.” Twain. 6. Alas, it seems my varied seams are fraying in this thread. I shall return to Poetry, which I prefer instead. Puri Semonis Amator And, you, too, at the summit, did not double only Terence twice; but you were also lauded because of your simply-written prose. What you could’ve used and then added to the smoothly-running lines was comical power. That alone would make you honored more than the Grecians, never henceforth despised for this awful lack. I’m vexed merely because that alone, Caesar, was lacking in you. Reply Joseph S. Salemi December 26, 2019 The correct Latin is “Sermonis,” not “Semonis.” Reply Aedile Cwerbus December 26, 2019 Good catch from another defender of Western Civilization. Peter Hartley December 26, 2019 Quem deus vult perdere dementat prius Reply Leave a Reply Cancel ReplyYour email address will not be published.CommentName* Email* Website Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 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